IMPACT OF THE BOKO HARAM TERRORISM ON NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN NIGERIA, 2009-2017

  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study 1.2       Statement of the Problem 1.3       Objectives of the Study 1.4       Research Questions 1.5       Scope of the Study 1.6       Limitations of the Study 1.7       Significance of the Study CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 2.0       Introduction 2.1       Background information on Nigeria 2.2       Theoretical Framework 2.2.1    Federalism as a Theoretical Framework 2.3       National Integration 2.4       Integrative Mechanisms and the Failure of National Integration in Nigeria 2.5       Failure of National Integration and Rise of Boko Haram Terrorism 2.6       Boko Haram Insurgency 2.6.1    Dimensions of Boko Haram Terrorism in Nigeria 2.6.2    Targets/Opponents 2.6.3.   Group Affiliations/Training 2.6.5    Finance/Funding 2.6.6    Recruitment CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.0       Introduction 3.1       Research Design 3.2       Population of the Study 3.3       Sample and Sampling Procedure 3.4       Instrument of Data Collection 3.5       Validity of the Instrument 3.6       Procedure for Data Collection 3.7      Procedure for Data Analysis CHAPTER FOUR DATA ANALYSIS CHAPTER FIVE Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 1.1       Background to the Study Nigeria is a large multi-ethnic country where intra-ethnic cleavages remain a critical problem and ethnic violence has erupted periodically. Among the prominent conflicts in Nigeria were: Ife-Modakeke Crisis in Osun State; Yoruba-Hausa Clashes in Sagamu, Ogun State; Eleme-Okrika Conflict in Rivers State; Zango-Kataf in Kaduna State; Tiv-Jukun in  Wukari, Taraba State; Ogoni-Adoni in Rivers State; Chamba-Kuteb in Taraba State;  Itsekiri-Ijaw/Urhobo in Delta State; Aguleri-Umuleri in Anambra State; Ijaw-Ilaje  conflict in Ondo State; Basa-Egbura in Nassarawa State; Hausa/Fulani-Sawaya in Bauchi, among others. These conflicts have provided a pattern that makes scholars to attribute their causes to greed, power and wealth distribution. The year 2014 marked one hundred years of the British amalgamation of Northern and Southern protectorates to form one political entity which is officially known and addressed as Nigeria. Two personalities were important in Nigeria’s integration process– Lord Frederick Lugard the then Governor General and Flora Shaw (later wife of Lugard), former correspondent of the London Times, who suggested the name- Nigeria.  Ever since this merger, the polity has been characterized by ethno-religious crises which have affected national unity. Campbell (2014) is of the view that bad governance and corruption gave rise to religious extremism, poverty, corruption and ethnic rivalry. Given this background, Boko Haram founder, Mohammed Yusuf (1970 –2009) exploited the situation by criticizing the Nigerian government of deliberate persecution of poor Muslims (Vangaurd, 2009). Since Boko Haram’s foundation in 2002, the group has attacked churches, mosques, markets, banks,

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