THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON YOUTH DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Chapter One: Introduction Youth development can be more than acquiring a set of facts, learning about rights and obligations, and becoming an informed young adult. Youth development is a process that prepares a young person to meet the challenges of adolescence and adulthood and achieve his or her full potential. Hence, youths are expected to acquire skills before they become adults. When youths lack skills, it is inevitable that they will experience difficulties in their adulthood as well as their chosen occupation. Unfortunately, many students are characterised by a lack of good skills. This is manifested by, inter alia, their incapability to effectively use the library, network, build on vocational skills, source for quality academic works online or take meaningful notes during field work. More recently, studies have shown that youth have turn to the use of social media as their primary means of communication, so much that when they want to use the internet for quality information or school work, they soon forget their purpose of going online and start updating their status on social networking sites (SNSs) With the ever increasing use of social media by Nigerian youth, there has been a growing concern among educators, parents, researchers and general public that this practice has serious implications on the holistic development of the Nigerian youth. Various studies on the effects of social media on youth have concentrated mainly on academic performance (Kirschner & Karpinski, 2010; Oluwatoyin 2011; and Ogedebe, Emmanuel, & Musa, 2012).  This research shifts its attention away from this and rather focuses on how social media affects youth development. Thus, posers arise as to what are the social media use patterns of Nigerian youths? What influence do the use patterns have on the social development of Nigerian youths? It is in the quest to resolve these posers that this study is examining the perceived effects of social media use patterns on the social development of Nigerian youths. This study therefore examines the effects of social media on Nigerian youths. The primary aim of this study was to examine the effects of social media on youth’s development in Nigeria. Specifically, this study seeks to: Examine the relationship between the use of social media and entrepreneurship among youth;Examine the relationship between the use of social media and political participationExamine the relationship between the use of social media and language disruption;Examine the relationship between the use of social media

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